pornography

pornography
   Pornography is defined by US anti-porn activist Andrea Dworkin as: ‘the graphic depiction of whores’ (Dworkin, 1981). Most pornography does indeed feature women posing in sexually revealing positions for money. However, in the light of the recent influx of gay and lesbian produced pornography, pornography for women—and the dark underside of the industry, pornography featuring children—another definition seems necessary. This has been hard to come by however, with over a decade of feminist, legal and political debate coming no nearer an agreed definition. In legal terms, Britain’s Obscene Publications Act defines pornographic material as that which may be deemed to ‘deprave and corrupt’. That this leaves the definition open to interpretation by a politically conservative state has resulted in some notorious historical cases, such as the banning of lesbian classic The Well of Loneliness in the 1920s and D.H.Lawrence’s Lady Chatterley’s Lover in the 1960s. The public face of the anti-porn movement in Britain is the Campaign Against Pornography (CAP), which over the last decade, and following the example of US groups Campaign Against Pornography and Women Against Violence in the Media, has launched a series of offensives against the stars, publishers and readers of mainstream porn. In 1986, Labour MP Clare Short took up the baton with her campaign to ban the Sun newspaper’s page 3 nudes. Her bill failed to get a second reading in parliament, but did much to expose the schoolboy sexism of most male MPs, while Off the Shelf campaigns through the late 1980s demanded the removal of pornography from the top shelf of newsagents such as W.H.Smith (see newsstands and newsagents).
   In the mid-1980s, however, the seemingly uniform face of feminist anti-porn rhetoric began to be addressed by Feminists Against Censorship (FAC), worried about the effect that wide liberal support of CAP policy might have on subcultural artifacts such as the newly burgeoning vogue in lesbian-produced literary and filmic porn. Arguing that lesbian and gay material, often deemed pornographic by definition, is more likely to be the subject of state censorship than the mainstream porn industry with its big business backing, FAC called for, and continues to call for, a readdressing of the law on obscenity and a re-evaluation of the arguments for censorship.
   Further reading
    Dworkin, A. (1981) Pornography: Men Possessing Women, London: The Women’s Press.
    Norden, B. (1990) ‘Campaign Against Pornography’, Feminist Review 35: 1–8.
   CLARE WHATLING

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

См. также в других словарях:

  • pornography — por·nog·ra·phy /pȯr nä grə fē/ n: material that depicts erotic behavior and is intended to cause sexual excitement ◇ Pornographic material is protected expression unless it is determined to be obscene. However, child pornography is illegal under …   Law dictionary

  • Pornography — Студийный альбом The Cure …   Википедия

  • Pornography — Album par The Cure Sortie 3 mai 1982[1] Enregistrement janvier 1982 février 1982 au RAK Studio One à Londres Durée …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pornography — bonkbuster carnography climate porn debt porn domestic pornography drive by porn eco porn …   New words

  • pornography — [n] obscenity adult material, adult movie, bawdiness, dirt, dirty movie, erotica, filth, girlie magazine, hard core pornography, indecency, obscene materials, porn, porno, porno film, sexploitation, sexually explicit material, skin flick, smut,… …   New thesaurus

  • pornography — 1857, description of prostitutes, from Fr. pornographie, from Gk. pornographos (one) writing of prostitutes, from porne prostitute, originally bought, purchased (with an original notion, probably of female slave sold for prostitution; related to… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Pornography — Por*nog ra*phy, n. [Gr. ? a harlot + graphy.] 1. Licentious painting or literature; especially, the painting anciently employed to decorate the walls of rooms devoted to bacchanalian orgies. [1913 Webster] 2. (Med.) A treatise on prostitutes, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pornography — ► NOUN ▪ printed or visual material intended to stimulate sexual excitement. DERIVATIVES pornographer noun pornographic adjective. ORIGIN Greek pornographos writing about prostitutes …   English terms dictionary

  • pornography — [pôr näg′rə fē] n. [< Gr pornographos, writing about prostitutes < pornē, a prostitute, orig. a euphemism, lit., (something) sold, akin to pernēmi, to sell (esp. as a slave, or for a bribe) < IE base * per , to sell, bring across, come… …   English World dictionary

  • Pornography — Porn redirects here. For other uses, see Porn (disambiguation). For other uses, see Pornography (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia


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